The question is posed by a child in Year 5 as she puzzles over a comprehension exercise. The text is taken from JRR Tolkein’s The Hobbit and it’s the part where Bilbo encounters fearsome treasure-hoarding dragon Smaug. Some of the vocabulary is proving tricky so Graham, her tutor, steps in to help.
“Dimly? It means the light there is not very bright. You can see, but only a little bit,” he explains.
As part of our new after-school Community Literacy Lab at Turnham Academy, a number of pupils from Year 5 are receiving extra support for their literacy learning, with comprehension and language identified as key areas to focus on.
It has all been made possible thanks to donations from The Big Give Christmas Challenge 2017. The Literacy Lab opened its doors in April 2018, with spaces provided to children for free.
Chavina, a teaching assistant at the school who has also taken on the role as a Literacy Lab tutor, explains that limited vocabulary presents a huge challenge for children in the school. “I was working with one child the other day who knew the word ‘road’ but not the word ‘street’,” she says. “Another boy had never heard of a sleep-over – it was totally outside his realm of experience. Without this grasp of words, the meaning of a text is lost on them.”
At the Literacy Lab, children are given the time and space they need to explore unfamiliar words. As one participant explained, “I like coming because I can answer a question without worrying that I might make a mistake.”
As well as comprehension exercises, the mix of activities includes open-ended philosophy questions, linking to the Philosophy 4 Children (P4C) programme followed by the school.
“Philosophical questions invite open-ended discussion, promoting the speech and language skills that form an important part of person’s overall grasp of literacy,” explains Adam Wisden, Schools Programme Manager for The Children’s Literacy Charity.
For example, in a recent exercise children were given a range of housing options and a list of people with varying needs. The challenge was to consider who should live where and why. With no right or wrong answer, the children were invited to employ deductive reasoning skills, arguing the case for their choices.
While table-based activities take place in a classroom, the stories and games part of the Literacy Lab happens in the school’s library. It’s a calm and inviting space with coloured beanbags and wooden book ‘huts’ draped with cloth where you can curl up on a cushion with a book. Among the Year 5 pupils who attend the Literacy Lab, a series of staged books featuring Marvel super-heroes by Dorling Kindersley is super-popular. Children and volunteers share stories together, pausing to discuss the action.
“With any game, I never allow a child to beat me,” he explains. “This makes them really concentrate. If they do beat me it’s all down to them and they get a huge confidence boost.”
Helping children to become confident and engaged learners is at the heart of what we do as a charity. We’re excited to see what’s happening at Turnham, and hugely grateful to everyone who donated to The Big Give Christmas Challenge 2017 for making it possible!
Could you donate to The Children’s Literacy Charity and help us support more children in more places more often?